Chapter 5


School Website Accessibility Glossary

Use this list to better understand some of the key terms used in maintaining an accessible, ADA-compliant school website.


Assistive technology

Hardware and software for disabled people that enable them to perform tasks they otherwise would not be able to perform (e..g., a screen reader)

WCAG 2.0

Evolving web design guidelines established by the W3C that specify how to accommodate web access for the disabled


Section of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that protects civil liberties and guarantees certain rights of disabled people


An amendment to the Rehabilitation Act that eliminates barriers in information technology for the disabled


American with Disabilities Act (1990)


Accessibility for Ontarians Disability Act (2005)

Screen reader

Software technology that transforms on-screen text into audible voice. Includes tools for navigating/accessing web pages.

Website accessibility

Making your website fully accessible for people of all abilities

Keyboard trap

Using the keyboard to navigate to a feature, then being unable (trapped) to navigate away from a website feature


World Wide Web Consortium – the international body that develops standards for using the web


U.S. Dept of Ed, Office of Civil Rights – the office that files discrimination complaints